DescriptionRare Russian Enameled Imperial Order of St. Anne
Late 19th century, unmarked
Second Class, designed as a red enameled Maltese cross, the arms outlined in gold, the center inset with a circular medallion of white enamel depicting the figure of Saint Anne, with mountains and trees in colored enamel, on the reverse also enameled are the first letters of the motto AMANTIBUS, JUSTITIAM, PIETATEM, FIDEM (To those who love Justice, Piety, and Fidelity), set with pastes between the arms and on the suspension ring-50 mm long; with diamond-set suspension ring-2 3/4 in. long, attached to original red and yellow moiré silk ribbon, in original oxblood leather-fitted box stamped F. Butz, St Petersburg
Duke Charles Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein founded the order in 1735 in memory of his wife, Anna Petrovna, daughter of Peter the Great. The Duke began to confer the order to Russians when his son, the future Emperor Peter III, went to Russia in 1742. Later that century, Tsar Paul I established the order as purely Russian. It was awarded primarily for a long and distinguished career in the civil service, the clergy, or the military. Badges of the Second Class were worn on a sash suspended from the neck.
Purchased from Russian Arts Inc., New York
Condition report available upon request.
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