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    Description

    THOMAS DOUGHTY N.A. (American 1793-1856)
    Landscape with Windmill, c. 1845
    Oil on canvas
    42in. x 54in. (sight size)
    Signed lower right: T. Doughty
    Provenance: private collection, Los Angeles

    Born in 1793 in Philadelphia, Thomas Doughty was one of five sons. He showed an artistic ability at an early age and was encouraged to practice drawing during his elementary schooling. At the age of fifteen, Thomas Doughty was apprenticed in the leather industry, and later formed a partnership with one of his brothers. Thomas continued to develop his artistic skills, sketching landscapes; he traveled abroad and stayed in Paris, and then traveled to London, drawing constantly. In 1820, Doughty relocated to Philadelphia, where he listed himself as a landscape painter in the city directory. In 1824, he was commissioned to illustrate James Fenimore Cooper's novel, Pioneers. Exhibitions of Doughty's works were held in 1826 at the National Academy of Design, and in 1833 at the Boston Athenaeum. He set up a studio in Boston, and revisited Europe in 1835 and 1845. Doughty worked in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Europe, painting scenes of the Hudson, Delaware, Susquehanna, Seine, and Thames rivers.

    Landscape with Windmill typifies the quiet, pastoral landscape view for which he became renowned; Doughty painted scenes of rivers, cities, farms, harbors, fishermen, and boats. The later phase of Doughty's career has been characterized as broader, and more painterly in handling than his earlier paintings; darker and more restrained in value, and with more emphasis on tonal values, than variety of hue or detail. After the mid-1830s, Doughty's paintings were influenced by the picturesque English school of landscape painting, as well as that of French painter Claude Lorraine, whose landscapes were an inspiration to many American painters. Doughty's works were lyrical and intimate in feeling, while still retaining an impression of broad space and limitless horizons. Doughty rendered trees with an approach that recalled the atmospheric paintings of the Barbizon School, and also English painter John Constable's landscape sketches. Doughty is regarded as an important predecessor of the Hudson River School, the loosely affiliated group of painters who painted scenes of the Catskills and the Hudson River region in the middle of the nineteenth century; throughout his career Doughty created a variety of landscapes ranging from the topographic and specific, to the evocative and poetic. Doughty is represented in the collections of the Birmingham Museum of Art; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Everson Museum of Art; Cleveland Museum of Art; Columbus Museum of Art; Allen Memorial Art Museum; Butler Institute of American Art; Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Carnegie Museum of Art; Gibbes Museum of Art; Memphis Brooks Museum of Art; Brigham Young University Museum; San Diego Museum of Art; de Young Memorial Museum; Wadsworth Athenaeum; Yale University Art; Lyman Allyn Museum; National Gallery of Art; National Portrait Gallery; Smithsonian American Art Museum; Corcoran Gallery of Art; Delaware Art Museum; Georgia Museum of Art; High Museum of Art; Mead Art Museum; Boston Athenaeum; Museum of Fine Art, Boston; Worcester Art Museum; Baltimore Museum of Art; Detroit Institute of Art; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; Ackland Art Museum; Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery; Joslyn Art Museum; Newark Museum; Brooklyn Museum of Art; National Academy of Design; and New York Historical Society.


    Estimate: $40,000 - $60,000.

    Condition Report*: Condition report available upon request.
    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Some condition issues may not be noted in the condition report but are apparent in the provided photos which are considered part of the condition report. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    Auction Dates
    October, 2004
    31st Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 391

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