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    Description

    PABLO PICASSO (Spanish, 1881-1973)
    Collage with Stick Figures-Journal au profil, 1964
    Rinsed linocut with India ink wash
    29-1/2 x 24-3/8 inches (75 x 62 cm) sheet
    No edition, only one trial proof is known
    Signed in red pencil left of bottom center
    Dated in India ink verso

    EXHIBITED:
    Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland, "Picasso: Painted Linos," March-May 9, 1970.

    LITERATURE:
    Picasso: Painted Linos, exhibition catalogue, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland, March-May 9, 1970, no. 42, illus.;
    The Complete Linoleum Cuts, 1939-1968 in Picasso's Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings and Sculpture: A Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue 1885-1973, Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, San Francisco, California, 2012, no. L-178, illus.;
    Related letterpress engraving in B. Baer, Picasso Peintre-Graveur, Tome V, Catalogue Raisonne de l'Oeuvre Grave et des Monotypes, 1959-1965, Galerie Kornfeld, Bern, Switzerland, 1989, p. 550, no. 1367

    From 1939-68, the ever-experimental Picasso expanded his printmaking to include linocuts, like woodcutting, a technique in which a gouge cuts away the negative spaces of a linoleum block, leaving a design in relief, which is then inked and printed. Picasso's almost 200 linocuts are whimsical, energized, and gestural, covering a variety of themes, such as bullfights, still lifes, the artist and his model, dancers and musicians, nudes, lovers, portraits, and interpretations of Old Master paintings. Beginning in 1951, he also employed linocut for a series of posters for the annual pottery exhibition in Vallauris. Apart from these posters, the linocuts were published by Galerie Louise Leiris in Paris, under the supervision of Picasso's longtime dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler.

    In 1963, toward the end of his career, Picasso invented a new technique for his linocuts, the rinsing method, in order to create a handmade appearance:

    He first prints the linoleum block [on white paper] in a cream white ink that repels water. He then rinses the print in a water based India ink, which is absorbed by the non-printed areas of the sheet. He then washes the ink from the sheet, thus removing it from the areas that had been printed in the cream white ink (A. Hyman, The Complete Linoleum Cuts, 1939-1968 in Picasso's Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings and Sculpture: A Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue 1885-1973, San Francisco, 2012, preface).

    Exemplifying the rinsed linocut, the 1964 Journal au profil, also known as Collage with Stick Figures, is unique for several reasons. As a depiction of a page of advertisements from the Nice newspaper Patriote, it is Picasso's only linocut that plays with the theme of a journal. As such, it references his early synthetic Cubist collages coupling newspaper print with everyday objects. In addition, Journal au profil features mixed media and is therefore a variation of the traditional linocut. For the base print, Picasso used a letterpress engraving with inset linocut images of bulls and figures that he had made the previous year, Profil, corrida, faune, et centaure poursuivant une baigneuse. For the final product, he painted the bowl and pipe on top of this newspaper engraving, rinsed the sheet with India ink, and selectively washed off the ink to reveal underlying passages of white. The resulting effect is layered and complex, simultaneously evoking painting, printmaking and collage.


    Condition Report*: Hinged verso along the top edge with archival tape. 0.5-inch area of mild to moderate toning along former mat lines. All over slight undulation as consistent with artist's technique. Minor pin point area of foxing on the white area in lower left corner. Bleeding/darkening from ink around the linocut. A few very minor abrasions on the right edge. Two minute creases along the upper left extreme edge. Lightly rubbed extreme corners. Framed under glass. Framed Dimensions 38.625 X 33.125 Inches
    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Some condition issues may not be noted in the condition report but are apparent in the provided photos which are considered part of the condition report. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    Auction Dates
    May, 2014
    31st Saturday
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