Description

    IVAN KLYUN (Russian, 1870-1942)
    Abstract Cubist Composition
    Oil on canvas
    38 x 24 inches (96.5 x 61.0 cm)
    Signed lower left in Cyrillic

    LITERATURE:
    Morphology of the Russian Abstract, Virtual Gallery Publishing, Moscow, 2003, plate 291

    As an outstanding figure in the Russian art world, Ivan Klyun fought for the artist's right to create according to the laws of their own art. Although little is know about Klyun's life, we do know that he studied in Kiev and Warsaw in the 1890s and then in Moscow. His early style of painting was Symbolist, which shifted in 1910 as he began to incorporate the influence of Cubism and Futurism, as seen in this canvas. In 1915, he signed fellow artist Zazimir Malevich's manifesto From Cubism to Suprematism creating a new art movement that focused on fundamental geometric forms. Throughout his life, Klyun felt that an artist was free to create independently and free from conformity. He never betrayed his ideas despite the pressure for Russian artists to represent ideological themes in their art. Klyun broke from Suprematism in 1919 and experimented with several artistic influences finally adopting a Purism style.

    БУДУЧИ ВЫДАЮЩЕЙСЯ ЛИЧНОСТЬЮ В МИРЕ РУССКОГО ИСКУССТВА, ИВАН КЛЮН БОРОЛСЯ ЗА ПРАВО ХУДОЖНИКА ТВОРИТЬ В СООТВЕТСТВИИ С ЕГО СОБСТВЕННЫМИ ПРЕДСТАВЛЕНИЯМИ ОБ ИСКУССТВЕ. ХОТЯ СОХРАНИЛОСЬ НЕМНОГО СВЕДЕНИЙ О ЖИЗНИ КЛЮНА, МЫ ЗНАЕМ, ЧТО В 1890-ЫХ ОН УЧИЛСЯ В КИЕВЕ И В ВАРШАВЕ, А ЗАТЕМ В МОСКВЕ. НА РАННИХ ЭТАПАХ ТВОРЧЕСТВА ЕГО ПРИВЛЕКАЛ СИМВОЛИСТСКИЙ СТИЛЬ, КОТОРЫЙ К 1910 ГОДУ СТАЛ МЕНЯТЬСЯ ПОД ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЕМ ВЛИЯНИЯ КУБИЗМА И ФУТУРИЗМА, ЧТО ХОРОШО ВИДНО НА ЭТОМ ХОЛСТЕ. В 1915 ГОДУ КЛЮН ПОДПИСАЛСЯ ПОД МАНИФЕСТОМ ХУДОЖНИКА КАЗИМИРА МАЛЕВИЧА «ОТ КУБИЗМА К СУПРЕМАТИЗМУ», ОЗНАМЕНОВАВШИМ ПОЯВЛЕНИЕ НОВОГО ДВИЖЕНИЯ В ИСКУССТВЕ, КОТОРОЕ ВО ГЛАВУ УГЛА СТАВИЛО ОСНОВНЫЕ ГЕОМЕТРИЧЕСКИЕ ФОРМЫ. В ТЕЧЕНИЕ ВСЕЙ СВОЕЙ ЖИЗНИ КЛЮН ТВЁРДО ВЕРИЛ В ТО, ЧТО ХУДОЖНИК ИМЕЕТ ПРАВО НА САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЕ ТВОРЧЕСТВО, СВОБОДНОЕ ОТ НАВЯЗЫВАЕМЫХ ДОГМ. ОН НИКОГДА НЕ ИЗМЕНЯЛ СВОИМ ИДЕАЛАМ, НЕСМОТРЯ НА ДАВЛЕНИЕ, КОТОРОЕ ОКАЗЫВАЛОСЬ НА РОССИЙСКИХ ХУДОЖНИКОВ, С ЦЕЛЬЮ ЗАСТАВИТЬ ИХ ОТОБРАЖТЬ В СВОЁМ ИСКУССТВЕ ИДЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕМЫ. КЛЮН ОТОШЁЛ ОТ СУПРЕМАТИЗМА В 1919 ГОДУ, И, ПОЭКСПЕРИМЕНТИРОВАВ С РЯДОМ ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННЫХ СТИЛЕЙ, К КОНЦЕ КОНЦОВ, ПРИНЯЛ ДЛЯ СЕБЯ ПУРИЗМ.


    Estimate: $400,000 - $500,000.

    Condition Report*:

    Unframed canvas, paint loss along edges, paint chip along center right edge, otherwise good condition.

    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    Auction Dates
    November, 2008
    14th Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 0
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