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    Description

    MIKHAIL ABDULLAYEV (Azerbaijani, 1921-2004)
    Gorky
    Oil on board
    26-3/4 x 21-3/4 inches (67.9 x 55.2 cm)
    Signed upper right and lower center: M. Abdullayev
    Inscribed verso: M. Abdullayev, Gorky

    Maxim Gorky was a Russian literary folk hero credited with founding Socialist-Realism. Born Aleksey Maksimovich Peshkov, a sad childhood and difficult early life prompted him to permanently change his name to "the Bitter One". Gorky was both a social and political critic who frequently criticized the Tsar, Lenin, and Stalin - eventually dying under suspicious circumstances after being placed under house arrest by the latter. Although aligned early on with the revolutionary Bolshevik party, Gorky and Lenin had a falling out and were not on good terms. Interestingly, the portrait of Lenin hanging over Gorky's shoulder has been severely scratched. Perhaps this was done as a political statement by a previous owner of the painting, or perhaps on Gorky's behalf by an overzealous follower.

    МИХАИЛ АБДУЛЛАЕВ (20-ЫЙ ВЕК)
    ГОРЬКИЙ
    ДОСКА, МАСЛО
    26-3/4 Х 21-3/4 ДЮЙМОВ (67.9 Х 55.2 СМ)
    ПОДПИСЬ СПРАВА ВВЕРХУ И ВНИЗУ В ЦЕНТРЕ: М. АБДУЛЛАЕВ
    НАДПИСЬ НА ОБОРОТЕ: М. АБДУЛЛАЕВ, ГОРЬКИЙ

    МАКСИМ ГОРЬКИЙ БЫЛ ГЛУБОКОУВАЖАЕМЫМ РУССКИМ ПИСАТЕЛЕМ, ПОЧТИ ГЕРОЕМ В ЛИТЕРАТУРЕ, ОСНОВАВШИМ СОЦИАЛИСТИЧЕСКОЙ РЕАЛИЗМ. ЕГО НАСТОЯЩЕЕ ИМЯ - АЛЕКСЕЙ МАКСИМОВИЧ ПЕШКОВ. ТРУДНЫЕ ДЕТСТВО И ЮНОСТЬ ПИСАТЕЛЯ ПОБУДИЛИ ЕГО ВЗЯТЬ ПСЕВДОНИМ "МАКСИМ ГОРЬКИЙ", ОТРАЖАЮЩИЙ ГОРЕЧЬ ИСПЫТАНИЙ ВЫПАВШИХ НА ЕГО ДОЛЮ. ГОРЬКИЙ ВСЕГДА БЫЛ КРИТИЧЕСКИ НАСТРОЕННЫМ ЧЕЛОВЕКОМ ПО ОТНОШЕНИЮ К СУЩЕСТВУЮЩЕЙ ВЛАСТИ - БУДЬ ТО ЦАРЬ, ИЛИ ЛЕНИН, ИЛИ СТАЛИН. В КОНЕЧНОМ ИТОГЕ ОН УМЕР ПРИ ЗАГАДОЧНЫХ ОБСТОЯТЕЛЬСТВАХ ПОСЛЕ ТОГО, КАК БЫЛ ПОМЕЩЁН СТАЛИНЫМ ПОД ДОМАШНИЙ АРЕСТ. И ХОТЯ В НАЧАЛЕ СВОЕГО ПУТИ ГОРЬКИЙ ПОДДЕРЖИВАЛ БОЛЬШЕВИСТСКУЮ ПАРТИЮ, ТО ВСКОРЕ МЕЖДУ НИМ И ЛЕНИНОМ НАМЕТИЛИСЬ РАСХОЖДЕНИЯ ПО РЯДУ ВОПРОСОВ, ПОЗЖЕ ПЕРЕРОСШИЕ В ОТКРЫТОЕ ПРОТИВОСТОЯНИЕ. ИНТЕРЕСНО, ЧТО НА КАРТИНЕ ПОРТРЕТ ЛЕНИНА, ВИСЯЩИЙ НАД ПЛЕЧОМ ГОРЬКОГО, СИЛЬНО ПОЦАРАПАН. ВОЗМОЖНО, ЭТО БЫЛО СДЕЛАНО ПРЕДЫДУЩИМ ВЛАДЕЛЬЦЕМ КАРТИНЫ, В КАЧЕСТВЕ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОГО ЗАЯВЛЕНИЯ, ИЛИ, ЧЕРЕЗЧУР РЬЯНЫМИ ПОСЛЕДОВАТЕЛЯМИ ГОРЬКОГО ОТ ЕГО ИМЕНИ.


    Estimate: $30,000 - $35,000.

    Condition Report*: Two tears approximately 1 inch in length in upper right corner; paint loss along upper left edge, lower right edge, botom edge; image of extensive scratches on portrait of Lenin in background.
    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Some condition issues may not be noted in the condition report but are apparent in the provided photos which are considered part of the condition report. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    ‡ The owner placed a late bid on this unreserved lot and repurchased it, subject to applicable commission.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    May, 2009
    7th-8th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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