Description

    MIKHAIL ABDULLAYEV (Azerbaijani, 1921-2004)
    Gorky
    Oil on board
    26-3/4 x 21-3/4 inches (67.9 x 55.2 cm)
    Signed upper right and lower center: M. Abdullayev
    Inscribed verso: M. Abdullayev, Gorky

    Maxim Gorky was a Russian literary folk hero credited with founding Socialist-Realism. Born Aleksey Maksimovich Peshkov, a sad childhood and difficult early life prompted him to permanently change his name to "the Bitter One". Gorky was both a social and political critic who frequently criticized the Tsar, Lenin, and Stalin - eventually dying under suspicious circumstances after being placed under house arrest by the latter. Although aligned early on with the revolutionary Bolshevik party, Gorky and Lenin had a falling out and were not on good terms. Interestingly, the portrait of Lenin hanging over Gorky's shoulder has been severely scratched. Perhaps this was done as a political statement by a previous owner of the painting, or perhaps on Gorky's behalf by an overzealous follower.

    МИХАИЛ АБДУЛЛАЕВ (20-ЫЙ ВЕК)
    ГОРЬКИЙ
    ДОСКА, МАСЛО
    26-3/4 Х 21-3/4 ДЮЙМОВ (67.9 Х 55.2 СМ)
    ПОДПИСЬ СПРАВА ВВЕРХУ И ВНИЗУ В ЦЕНТРЕ: М. АБДУЛЛАЕВ
    НАДПИСЬ НА ОБОРОТЕ: М. АБДУЛЛАЕВ, ГОРЬКИЙ

    МАКСИМ ГОРЬКИЙ БЫЛ ГЛУБОКОУВАЖАЕМЫМ РУССКИМ ПИСАТЕЛЕМ, ПОЧТИ ГЕРОЕМ В ЛИТЕРАТУРЕ, ОСНОВАВШИМ СОЦИАЛИСТИЧЕСКОЙ РЕАЛИЗМ. ЕГО НАСТОЯЩЕЕ ИМЯ - АЛЕКСЕЙ МАКСИМОВИЧ ПЕШКОВ. ТРУДНЫЕ ДЕТСТВО И ЮНОСТЬ ПИСАТЕЛЯ ПОБУДИЛИ ЕГО ВЗЯТЬ ПСЕВДОНИМ "МАКСИМ ГОРЬКИЙ", ОТРАЖАЮЩИЙ ГОРЕЧЬ ИСПЫТАНИЙ ВЫПАВШИХ НА ЕГО ДОЛЮ. ГОРЬКИЙ ВСЕГДА БЫЛ КРИТИЧЕСКИ НАСТРОЕННЫМ ЧЕЛОВЕКОМ ПО ОТНОШЕНИЮ К СУЩЕСТВУЮЩЕЙ ВЛАСТИ - БУДЬ ТО ЦАРЬ, ИЛИ ЛЕНИН, ИЛИ СТАЛИН. В КОНЕЧНОМ ИТОГЕ ОН УМЕР ПРИ ЗАГАДОЧНЫХ ОБСТОЯТЕЛЬСТВАХ ПОСЛЕ ТОГО, КАК БЫЛ ПОМЕЩЁН СТАЛИНЫМ ПОД ДОМАШНИЙ АРЕСТ. И ХОТЯ В НАЧАЛЕ СВОЕГО ПУТИ ГОРЬКИЙ ПОДДЕРЖИВАЛ БОЛЬШЕВИСТСКУЮ ПАРТИЮ, ТО ВСКОРЕ МЕЖДУ НИМ И ЛЕНИНОМ НАМЕТИЛИСЬ РАСХОЖДЕНИЯ ПО РЯДУ ВОПРОСОВ, ПОЗЖЕ ПЕРЕРОСШИЕ В ОТКРЫТОЕ ПРОТИВОСТОЯНИЕ. ИНТЕРЕСНО, ЧТО НА КАРТИНЕ ПОРТРЕТ ЛЕНИНА, ВИСЯЩИЙ НАД ПЛЕЧОМ ГОРЬКОГО, СИЛЬНО ПОЦАРАПАН. ВОЗМОЖНО, ЭТО БЫЛО СДЕЛАНО ПРЕДЫДУЩИМ ВЛАДЕЛЬЦЕМ КАРТИНЫ, В КАЧЕСТВЕ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОГО ЗАЯВЛЕНИЯ, ИЛИ, ЧЕРЕЗЧУР РЬЯНЫМИ ПОСЛЕДОВАТЕЛЯМИ ГОРЬКОГО ОТ ЕГО ИМЕНИ.


    Estimate: $45,000 - $50,000.

    Condition Report*:

    Two tears approximately 1 inch in length in upper right corner; paint loss along upper left edge, lower right edge, botom edge; image of extensive scratches on portrait of Lenin in background.

    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    Auction Dates
    November, 2008
    14th Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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