Description

    THEODORE WENDEL (American, 1859-1932)
    Ipswich, Marshes, circa 1900
    Oil on canvas
    38-1/2 x 31-1/2 inches (97.8 x 80.0 cm)
    Signed lower right: Theo Wendel

    PROVENANCE:
    Private collection, Florida, circa 1905.

    EXHIBITED:
    Sofia, Bulgaria, "Exhibition of American Paintings in the Residence of United States Ambassador to Bulgaria," 2003;
    Sullivan Goss Gallery, Santa Barbara, California, "The Summer Impressionists Show," 2013 (label verso).

    LITERATURE:
    W.H. Gerdts, American Impressionism, New York, 1984, pp. 63, 65;
    Exhibition of American Paintings in the Residence of United States Ambassador to Bulgaria, exhibition catalogue, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2003, p. 12, illustrated.

    Theodore Wendel is reputed as the premier Impressionist landscape painter of the Boston School, and is often considered the "most French" of American painters alongside Theodore Robinson and Childe Hassam.

    Wendel grew up in Midway, Ohio, enrolling at the University of Cincinnati's School of Design in 1876. While there, he met Joseph DeCamp, and the two artists traveled to Germany in 1878 to study at the Munich Academy, where Wendel's academic style won him a medal. The artist then went on to Pölling, Bavaria to join Frank Duveneck's artist colony, traveling with the group to Florence and Venice where he was exposed to the Tonalist work of James McNeill Whistler. In 1887 Wendel visited Giverny, France, where he became heavily influenced by the Impressionist painter Claude Monet. While in Giverny Wendel adopted the French master's bright color and sketchy technique that he applied to the landscapes he subsequently painted when he settled in Boston. Dr. William H. Gerdts writes: "He [ a critic in 1891] concluded that 'Mr. Wendel comes the nearest of the Bostonian Impressionists to handling the Monet style with effect. Wendel continued to exploit Impressionist color in his paintings of Gloucester and Ipswich, and he came to be regarded more as a devoted interpreter of the New England scene than as a stylistic innovator, though he remained faithful to the new aesthetic he had pioneered.' He [Wendel] was named the foremost Boston artist working in the style of Monet."1

    1: American Impressionism, New York, 1984, pp. 63, 65.




    Condition Report*:

    Glue-lined canvas; under UV exam, appears to be in-painting along extreme right edge to address frame wear and one small fleck of in-painting near center sky region; otherwise, appears to be in overall good condition. Framed Dimensions 48 X 41.5 Inches

    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    Auction Dates
    December, 2013
    5th Thursday
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