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    Description

    ARTHUR DOVE (American 1880-1946)
    Continuity, 1939
    Tempera and encaustic on canvas
    6in. x 8in.
    Signed lower center: Dove
    Titled Continuity on exhibition label attached to stretcher.

    Arthur Dove, a pioneer in American art, was one of the most important painters of the early twentieth century. He was a principal member of Alfred Stieglitz' group, including Georgia O'Keeffe, Marsden Hartley, Charles Sheeler, Paul Strand and John Marin, who helped define American modernism and paved the way for Abstract Expressionism, a style many believe is the first truly American art, influencing European trends (rather than the traditional standard in which American artists are influenced by the styles and innovations of Europe) and establishing New York as the viable center of the art world that it remains to this day. Dove worked his way to abstraction around the same time as Kandinsky's Blue Rider group by distilling forms from nature to their basic elements. While O'Keeffe and the photographers sought abstraction through cropping and magnifying details of nature, Dove took the American tradition of landscape established by the Hudson River School and flattened it into patterns, colors and forms. O'Keeffe, who with Stieglitz shared a close friendship with Dove, was a great collector of his work.

    This work was executed in 1939 and shown at Stieglitz' gallery, An American Place, in 1940. In early 1939, Dove had suffered a major heart attack and was acutely aware of his tenuous health. Works from this period tend to be calmer, more sublte paintings often done in the more deliberate medium of wax emulsion. The title Continuity may refer to Dove's life as well as the smooth flow of forms and colors. In place of his previous jagged lines and tightly centered compositions forms tend to be more evenly placed across the surface with colors flatly integrated into the plane. These later paintings echo Matisse's late works, which evolved into flat forms of color and presaged the compositions of early Abstract Expressionists Arshile Gorky and Mark Rothko.

    Provenance: Alfred Stieglitz, New York.
    Angeline Lindberg, New York.
    Helen James Fane, San Diego;
    Sold by her Estate, Sotheby Parke Bernet, New York, 28 October 1976, no. 174, to Dr. William Hayden, Paris, Texas, from whom it was acquired by the present owner.

    Exhibited: An American Place (Alfred Stieglitz), New York, "Arthur G. Dove, Exhibition of Oils and Temperas", 10 April - 7 May 1940, no. 19.

    Literature: Ann Lee Morgan, Arthur Dove: Life and Work, with a Catalogue Raisonné (1984), p. 259, no. 39.1, in which the work is dated to 1939 based on artist's correspondence.





    Condition Report*: Overall very good condition; original surface, unvarnished; scattered light surface scratches along edges.
    *Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Some condition issues may not be noted in the condition report but are apparent in the provided photos which are considered part of the condition report. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

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    Auction Dates
    May, 2006
    3rd-4th Wednesday-Thursday
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