DescriptionWIFE OF GALL
c. 1883 Wife of Gall (Pizi), Hunkpapa Lakota, by D.F. Barry, at Fort Yates, D.T., c. 1883. Albumen cabinet card.
The consignor provides this information from the Standing Rock enrollment lists: "Martina Blue Earth (Maka T'o), the widow of Iron Cloud (Mahpiya Maza), a friend of Gall's who had fallen in battle. They were married by Lakota custom long before their Nov, 12, 1894, wedding at St. Elizabeth's Episcopal Church on the Standing Rock Reservation. Martina was Gall's fourth wife, but his third, Stand-in-Center, was commonly entered on Standing Rock records as his only wife, possibly due to the influence of Standing Rock Indian Agent James McLaughlin who would have found it difficult to promote Gall as the progressive, Christian-convert, "anti-Sitting Bull," while having to document that his charge was a polygamist." Gall's first two wives and their three daughters all were murdered in one of the first volleys fired by Maj. Marcus A. Reno's troops in his attack on the Hunkpapa village at Little Bighorn. When interviewed by reporters for the New York Times, at the ten-year anniversary on the battlefield June 25, 1886, Gall said that the loss of his family "made my heart hot. After that, I fought with the tomahawk."
Mrs. Gall wears long earrings and a choker necklace made of dentalium shells, beaded moccasins, a precisely-made tack belt over her calico dress and a gingham blanket.
Dimensions: image 4 x 5 ¾ inches
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