c. 1883 Pretty Little Bird (Zintkala Waste Win), later called Mary, Wife of Jumping Bull, probably Blackfeet Lakota, by D.F. Barry, at Fort Yates, D.T., May-June, 1883. Albumen cabinet card.

    In 1857, an Hunkpapa war party trapped and massacred an Assiniboin family near the mouth of the Yellowstone River. The last survivor was a twelve-year-old boy who stood alone against certain death with such bravery, clasping nothing more than a toy bow and arrows, that his life was spared and he was adopted as a son by Sitting Bull, whose own young son had died a few months before. Raised up to be a cunning warrior, initially he was called Little Assiniboin (Hohe Cik'ala), but later received the name of Sitting Bull's own father, Jumping Bull (Tatanka Psipsica). He was prominent in many of the Hunkpapas' battles during the 1860s and 1870s, including Little Bighorn, and was with his adoptive father during the Canadian exile. The fact that he lived in the band of the Blackfeet Lakota leader Crawler indicates that was the natal band of his wife.

    After the Lakota surrenders of 1880-81, Jumping Bull and his family were sent with Crawler's band to live on the Standing Rock Reservation. When Sitting Bull was allowed to rejoin the tribe in 1883, Jumping Bull's family moved to join his father at Grand River. On December 15, 1890, during the melee that occurred when Agency police attempted to arrest Sitting Bull in the middle of the night, Jumping Bull was faithful to his adoptive father to the last moment of his life. The two men were shot and died within seconds of each other just in front of Sitting Bull's log cabin. Mary Jumping Bull's teenage son Chase Wounded also died moments later. In 1892, she fled the Standing Rock Reservation in company with Sitting Bull's widows, moving to Pine Ridge, South Dakota. She died there in 1898.

    Dimensions: image 4 ½ x 6 ½ inches

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    June, 2010
    12th Saturday
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