DescriptionGANNAWAY'S WICHITA PORTRAITS
c. 1865 All have the Gannaway back-stamp. One gives the studio location simply as "Fort Smith, Ark."; two list it at "No. 140 South Side Garrison Ave."; and one at "No. 140 Garrison Ave." Identifications in blue pencil, later copied in ink, as above. All are unique portraits, never seen before. The three male portraits provide rare documentation for their tribal style of moccasins, of which few examples have survived.
1. Weary, Wichita. This is the earliest photograph of a Wichita woman.
A colorful, fringed, Mexican trade blanket wraps her gingham dress, secured at the waist with a belt of strap leather.
2. Pichi, Wichita.
A velvet vest covers his long-sleeved, cotton shirt. Nickel-silver spots edge the flaps of his leather leggings. The earrings are made of cut sections of shell hairpipe strung on leather thongs.
3. Tawaconi Jim, Wichita. The Tawaconi were the largest band of the Wichita. This man was their Head Chief. He was well known on the frontier, and later was photographed at Fort Sill by Will Soule, in c. 1869-70.
His part-velvet coat is a strange garment, apparently of commercial manufacture and edged with gilt fringe, of the sort commonly seen on flags of the period. A white-felt, "pork-pie" hat constrains the oiled and wavy locks of his hair. A silver bracelet is on his right wrist and many silver, ball & cone earrings in his ears.
4. Kichi-ka-Tonga, Wichita. The Kitchai were a small, Caddoan-speaking band allied to the Wichita. In 1868, they numbered only 123. It is likely that this man was at Fort Smith because he was their leader.
A classic, Plains bow made of Osage-orange wood, with a twisted string of buffalo sinew is held in his graceful hands, together with three arrows. The strap of a fringed, leather bowcase and quiver crosses his chest. Silver, ball & cone earrings and a brass or silver ring are his only ostentation.
Collected by the current owner's ancestor, John W. Trapp.
Dimensions: each image 2 ¼ x 3 ¾ inches
For more information on this photograph, please read Burrell Z. Gannaway- Earliest Photographs of Plains Indian People.
Condition report available upon request.
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