c. 1885 Crawler (Slohan, meaning Moving Slowly, with Deliberation), Blackfeet (Sihasapa) Lakota Chief, by George W. Scott, Fort Yates, D.T., c. 1885. Albumen cabinet card.

    In this portrait Crawler, wrapped in a blanket and a kerchief with attached eagle feather, holds the forewing of a golden eagle, as a fan. Closely allied with Hunkpapa chief Sitting Bull, as a young man Crawler had been a leader of the Fool Soldier Society, a fraternity of the bravest warriors among the Northern Teton Sioux. It was Crawler who gave three of his own horses to ransom Mrs. Fanny Kelly, captured by Oglala during 1863, later bringing her to Fort Sully. Crawler's wife was named Sun Flower Face Woman. Their eldest son One Hawk (Cetan Wanji) was killed during the Battle of the Rosebud, June 17, 1876. Eight days later, their fourteen-year-old son Deeds (Wicohan) was the first casualty of the Battle of the Little Bighorn, shot by soldiers several miles from the Lakota village about an hour and a half before the battle. Companions who escaped brought the first news of approaching soldiers. Crawler's twenty-three-year-old daughter Moving Blanket Woman (Tasina Mani), later called Mary Crawler, was so bereft by her young brother's murder that she painted her face scarlet and rode into the battle carrying a carbine. Rain in the Face, who rode near her in the charge, recalled that "she looked as pretty as a bird." He cried out to those around them: "Behold, there is among us a young woman. Let no man hide behind her garment." Moving Blanket Woman was present on Last Stand Hill, and is said to have killed a soldier with her sheath knife.

    After the battle, Crawler accompanied Sitting Bull to Canada as one of the band leaders in the exile camp. He returned to the United States in the autumn of 1880, surrendered at Fort Buford, D.T., and was sent to Standing Rock Reservation. There, his band settled on Grand River, eight miles from Bullhead, S.D. Crawler's grave in the old cemetery at Kenel, S.D., is one of hundreds that was covered by the waters of Lake Oahe, built by the Corps of Engineers during the 1950s.

    Dimensions: image 4 x 5 ΒΌ inches

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2010
    12th Saturday
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