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Thomas Doughty (American, 1793-1856)
Birth Place: Philadelphia (Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, United States)
Thomas Doughty was a pioneer of American landscape painting during a time when most artists could only make a living from portrait commissions. Along with Thomas Cole, Doughty is considered to be one of the founders of the Hudson River School of landscape painting.
Born in Philadelphia, Doughty apprenticed to a leather merchant and worked as a leather currier. A self-taught artist, he turned to landscape painting as his profession in 1820. Doughty quickly won critical acclaim for his serene landscapes of the rivers and mountains of Pennsylvania, New York, and New England. Doughty was elected a member of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1824 and of the National Academy of Design in 1827. He lived in Philadelphia and Boston during the 1820s and 1830s, traveling extensively in the northeast and occasionally to England in search of subjects and commissions. Certain trademark elements earned him the title "Painter of Nature": autumnal palette, towering elm tree, cascading falls, hazy mountain views, and solitary figure.
Following a brief residence in Newburgh, New York, Doughty moved permanently to New York City in 1840. He was a prolific artist who exhibited frequently at the National Academy of Design, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Boston Athenaeum, Maryland Historical Society, and overseas at several British and French galleries. Doughty's work is held in public collections, including The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Baltimore Museum of Art; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri; Newark Museum, New Jersey; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia; and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.
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