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Hermann Ottomar Herzog (American, 1832-1932)

Also known as:  Herman Herzog; Herzog, Hermann

Birth Place: Bremen (Bremen state, Germany)

Called the “Grandfather of American Landscape” for his longevity, German-born Hermann Ottomar Herzog was a popular painter of seascapes and pastoral and mountain landscapes in the Hudson River tradition. He trained in 1849 at the Dusseldorf Academy with Andreas Achenbach, who promoted a refined and detailed technique. During the 1850s and ‘60s, Herzog traveled throughout Europe, depicting various sublime landscapes with raging waterfalls and roiling skies. Such early works garnered favorable attention at the Paris Salon and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and attracted distinguished patrons, including the Countess of Flanders, Emperor Alexander of Russia, Queen Victoria, and Duke Ernest of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

In 1869 Herzog set up his studio in Philadelphia and began painting grand landscapes, recalling those by Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge, in the Northeast, Yosemite, and Mexico. Although his post-1870s paintings are considered American, Herzog rarely dated his work, making it difficult to locate his subjects. Herzog’s paintings are in numerous museum collections nationwide, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento; Cincinnati Art Museum; and Reading Public Museum, Reading, Pennsylvania.

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