There are currently no items available for purchase in this Department. Search our Auction Archives below to find item values.
Opening Bid
:
Current Bid:
Reserve Amount:

You are the current high bidder on this lot with a secret maximum bid of %bidPretty%.
(%bidBP% w/Buyer's Premium (BP) ).


Notice: You are the current high bidder on this lot, but the next highest bid is within one increment. That means that any additional bids on this lot will outbid you. To increase your chances of winning, enter your highest maximum bid.

You are the current high bidder on this lot with a secret maximum bid of %bidPretty%.
(%bidBP% w/Buyer's Premium (BP) ).

You are the current high bidder on this lot.
(Sign-In to see your maximum bid)

Your secret maximum bid of %bidPretty% has been outbid.

Your secret maximum bid of %bidPretty% does not meet the reserve.

(Sign-In to see your maximum bid)

Your secret maximum bid does not meet the reserve.
(Sign-In to see your maximum bid)

Lot
79014

MIKHAIL KLODT (Russian, 1832-1902). Riverside Farmstead, 1858. Oil on canvas. 41-3/4 x 60-1/2 inches (106.0 x 153.7 cm)...

2008 June Russian Fine Art Signature Auction #5008

 
Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)
Make Offer:
Make Offer to Owner

Owner's willingness to entertain and respond to Offers has not yet been verified.
Claim Item: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)
Auction Ended On: Jun 4, 2008
Item Activity: 7 Internet/mail/phone bidders
26,721 page views
Location: Heritage Auctions
Fine Arts Annex
1518 Slocum Street
Dallas, TX 75207
Description:
MIKHAIL KLODT (Russian, 1832-1902)
Riverside Farmstead, 1858
Oil on canvas
41-3/4 x 60-1/2 inches (106.0 x 153.7 cm)
Signed lower right: M. Clodt also signed lower left: Clodt

PROVENANCE:
Sotheby's London - Russian Pictures, Works of Art, and Faberge - 20 February 1985, lot 225

LITERATURE:
Nashi Khudozhniki,
F. I. Bulgakov, Saint Petersburg, 1890.
Zabitiyie Imena Russkaya Zhivopis XIX Veka, Alexander Shestimirov, Moscow, 2001, page 129.

Mikhail Konstantinovich Klodt was the uncontested master of 19th-century Russian landscape painting. A scholarly work by F.I. Bulgakov (1890) noted that this very picture won him the First Order Gold Medal at the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1858, where he also received the title of Artist of the First Degree while studying under Vorobiov. Along with it came pension money he used to travel in Europe and make a name for himself through exhibitions and commissions that would insure his fame and place in Russian art history. While Bulgakov titled the picture View on Vallum, its original title was View of the Estate of Zegevald, and it is now known as Riverside Farmstead. It was destined to be his greatest work, a painting that changed the face of the Russian art world.

Klodt was born into an already-famous family of Barons Von Jurgensburg, an art dynasty that included his father, a noted engraver, as well as an uncle and cousin, an accomplished sculptor and painter, respectively. Mikhail was born in the town of Zegevald, a small town "60 miles from the city of Riga" as Klodt saw fit to note in his own hand on the reverse of this painting. Indeed, Riverside Farmstead is an homage to his place of birth, the Latvian town also known as Sigulda.

In this masterpiece Klodt has captured the serenity of the pastoral scene in magnificent detail. Even without Klodt's handwritten notations on the back of the canvas, there is no mistaking the location. The ruins of the 13th-century Sigulda castle high above the Gauja River valley is one of the most celebrated locations in Latvia, and Klodt has majestically placed the ruin in the upper left of the picture.

Mikhail Konstantinovich Klodt would return from his tour of Europe and become a professor at the Imperial Academy, but he never left his roots, traveling throughout the provinces creating beautiful works depicting the landscapes of Russia. While he tutored future Russian artists such as Dubovskoy and Bashinjagyan, among many others, his wanderlust and independent spirit led him to be one of the founders in 1868 of the famous Society of Traveling Exhibitions (Peredvizhniki) Group, appropriately known as the Wanderers. Formed in response to the Academy's repression of genre painting in favor of instruction in Italian historical works instead, the group's influence spread like wildfire throughout the Russian art community, sparking a new acceptance of genre painting in the face of opposition from the Academy.

The Wanderers group would in time include the great Russian artists Shishkin, Repin, Makovsky and Bogdonav-Belskii, with many others to follow. Significantly, it was his submission of Riverside Farmstead as his graduation work in 1858 that influenced Klodt's early leadership role in the movement, which had its roots in the renaissance of Russian genre painting. After the first Wanderers exhibition in 1871 the genre took hold, with many works being acquired by collectors such as Pavel Tretyakov, who assembled the remarkable collection that is now the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. Inevitably the Academy adopted the ideology of the Wanderers, which unfortunately led to the stifling of creativity in late-19th-century Russian art and resulted in a split among the group's members, partly due to Klodt's refusal to relinquish his professorship at the Academy.

While he would occasionally exhibit with the group, Klodt retired from his professorship at the Academy and died in 1902, much revered by the Russian people. A striking picture of the artist painted by Ivan Nikolaevich Kromskoy is prominently displayed in Moscow's Tretyakov Gallery.


МИХАИЛ КОНСТАНТИНОВИЧ КЛОДТ

1832 - 1902


КРЕСТЬЯНСКАЯ УСАДЬБА У РЕКИ

ХОЛСТ, МАСЛО

104.38 Х 151.25


ПРОИХОЖДЕНИЕ КАРТИНЫ: АУКЦИОН СОТБИ, ЛОНДОН, ФЕВРАЛЬ 1985 ГОДА

МИХАИЛ КОНСТАНТИНОВИЧ КЛОДТ БЫЛ НЕПРЕВЗОЙДЁННЫМ МАСТЕРОМ РУССКОЙ ПЕЙЗАЖНОЙ ЖИВОПИСИ 19-ГО ВЕКА. ЭТА САМАЯ КАРТИНА ПРИНЕСЛА ЕМУ ЗОЛОТУЮ МЕДАЛЬ НА ВЫСТАВКЕ В АКАДЕМИИ ХУДОЖЕСТВ В 1858 ГОДУ. НАЗНАЧЕННОЕ ПОСОБИЕ ОН ИСПОЛЬЗОВАЛ ДЛЯ ПОЕЗДОК ПО ЕВРОПЕ С ЦЕЛЬЮ СДЕЛАТЬ СЕБЕ ИМЯ В ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННОМ МИРЕ С ПОМОЩЬЮ ВЫСТАВОК И РАБОТ ПО ЗАКАЗУ, КОТОРЫЕ ВПОСЛЕДСТВИИ ПОДТВЕРДЯТ ЕГО СЛАВУ И ЗАСТОЛБЯТ ЕМУ МЕСТО В ИСТОРИИ РУССКОГО ИСКУССТВА (БЛИЗКО К СЛОВАМ БУЛГАКОВА, 1881) .

КЛОДТ ПРОИСХОДИЛ ИЗ ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННО ОДАРЕННОЙ СЕМЬИ БАРОНОВ ФОН ЮРГЕНСБУРГОВ: ОТЕЦ ЕГО ЗАНИМАЛСЯ ГРАВЮРОЙ, ДЯДЯ БЫЛ ЗНАМЕНИТЫМ СКУЛЬПТОРОМ, ДВОЮРОДНЫЙ БРАТ - ЖИВОПИСЦЕМ. МИХАИЛ РОДИЛСЯ В НЕБОЛЬШОМ ГОРОДКЕ СИРИГОЛДА. "В 60 МИЛЯХ ОТ ГОРОДА РИГИ... 20 МАРТА 1858 ГОДА", ТАКУЮ НАДПИСЬ КЛОДТ СОБСТВЕННОРУЧНО СДЕЛАЛ НА ОБРАТНОЙ СТОРОНЕ ЭТОЙ КАРТИНЫ. ДЕЙСТВИТЕЛЬНО, «КРЕСТЬЯНСКАЯ УСАДЬБА У РЕКИ» ЭТО ДАНЬ УВАЖЕНИЯ ЕГО МЕСТУ РОЖДЕНИЯ, СИРИГОЛДЕ, ЛАТВИЙСКОМУ ГОРОДУ, ТАКЖЕ ИЗВЕСТНОМУ КАК СИГУЛДА.

В ЭТОМ ПОИСТИНЕ НАСТОЯЩЕМ ШЕДЕВРЕ РАЗМЕРОМ 104.38 Х 151.25, КЛОДТ С ПОРАЗИТЕЛЬНОЙ ТОЧНОСТЬЮ ЗАПЕЧАТЛЕЛ ПОКОЙ И ЯСНОСТЬ ПАСТОРАЛЬНОЙ СЦЕНЫ.
ДАЖЕ БЕЗ ЕГО НАДПИСИ НА ОБРАТНОЙ СТОРОНЕ ХОЛСТА, МОЖНО БЕЗ ТРУДА ОПРЕДЕЛИТЬ МЕСТО, С КОТОРОГО ПИСАЛАСЬ ЭТА КАРТИНА. РУИНЫ СИГУЛДСКОГО ЗАМКА 13-ГО ВЕКА, ВОЗВЫШАЮЩИЕСЯ НАД ДОЛИНОЙ РЕКИ ГАУЯ, КОТОРЫЕ КЛОДТ РАЗМЕСТИЛ В ВЕРХНЕЙ ЛЕВОЙ ЧАСТИ КАРТИНЫ, ЯВЛЯЮТСЯ ОДНИМ ИЗ САМЫХ ИЗВЕСТНЫХ МЕСТ В ЛАТВИИ.

ПО ВОЗВРАЩЕНИИ ИЗ ПОЕЗДКИ ПО ЕВРОПЕ, МИХАИЛ КОНСТАНТИНОВИЧ КЛОДТ СТАНОВИТСЯ ПРОФЕССОРОМ ИМПЕРАТОРСКОЙ АКАДЕМИИ. ОН НИКОГДА НЕ ИЗМЕНЯЛ СВОИМ КОРНЯМ И МНОГО ПУТЕШЕСТВОВАЛ ПО ПРОВИНЦИАЛЬНОЙ РОССИИ, СОЗДАВАЯ ПРЕКРАСНЫЕ ПРОИЗВЕДЕНИЯ ПЕЙЗАЖНОЙ ЖИВОПИСИ. ХОТЯ ОН ЗАНИМАЛСЯ ОБУЧЕНИЕМ ТАКИХ ИЗВЕСТНЫХ РУССКИХ ХУДОЖНИКОВ, КАК ДУБОВСКОЙ И БАШИНДЖАГЯН, А ТАКЖЕ МНОГИХ ДРУГИХ, ЕГО СТРАСТЬ К ПУТЕШЕСТВИЯМ И НЕЗАВИСИМЫЙ ДУХ СДЕЛАЛИ ЕГО ОДНИМ ИЗ ОСНОВАТЕЛЕЙ ЗНАМЕНИТОГО ТОВАРИЩЕСТВА ПЕРЕДВИЖНЫХ ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННЫХ ВЫСТАВОК. ЭТА ГРУППА, ИЗВЕСТНАЯ КАК "ПЕРЕДВИЖНИКИ", БЫЛА СФОРМИРОВАНА В 1868 ГОДУ В ОТВЕТ НА РЕПРЕССИВНУЮ ПОЛИТИКУ В ОТНОШЕНИИ ЖАНРОВОЙ ЖИВОПИСИ СО СТОРОНЫ АКАДЕМИИ, ОТДАВАВШЕЙ СВОЁ ПРЕДПОЧТЕНИЕ КЛАССИЧЕСКОЙ ИТАЛЬЯНСКОЙ ШКОЛЕ.

СО ВРЕМЕНЕМ К ПЕРЕДВИЖНИКАМ ПРИМКНУТ ТАКИЕ ВЕЛИКИЕ РУССКИЕ ХУДОЖНИКИ КАК ШИШКИН, РЕПИН, МАКОВСКИЙ, БОГДАНОВ-БЕЛЬСКИЙ, А ТАКЖЕ МНОГИЕ ДРУГИЕ. ПРИМЕЧАТЕЛЬНО, ЧТО КОРНИ ДВИЖЕНИЯ ВОСХОДЯТ К НАЧАЛУ ТВОРЧЕСКОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ КЛОДТА, КОГДА ЕГО ДИПЛОМНАЯ РАБОТА «КРЕСТЬЯНСКАЯ УСАДЬБА У РЕКИ» В 1958 ГОДУ ОЗНАМЕНОВАЛА ВОЗРОЖДЕНИЕ РУССКОЙ ЖАНРОВОЙ ЖИВОПИСИ. ПОСЛЕ ПЕРВОЙ ВЫСТАВКИ ПЕРЕДВИЖНИКОВ В 1871 ГОДУ ИХ РАБОТЫ СТАЛИ ПРИОБРЕТАТЬСЯ КОЛЛЕКЦИОНЕРАМИ, В ТОМ ЧИСЛЕ И ПАВЛОМ ТРЕТЬЯКОВЫМ, ЧЬЯ КОЛЛЕКЦИЯ ЛЕГЛА В ОСНОВУ ТРЕТЬЯКОВСКОЙ ГАЛЕРЕИ В МОСКВЕ. В КОНЦЕ КОНЦОВ АКАДЕМИЯ ПРИНЯЛА ИДЕОЛОГИЮ ПЕРЕДВИЖНИКОВ, ЧТО, К СОЖАЛЕНИЮ, ПРИВЕЛО К «УДУШЕНИЮ» ТВОРЧЕСКОГО НАЧАЛА В РУССКОМ ИСКУССТВЕ КОНЦА 19 ВЕКА, И ЗАКОНЧИЛОСЬ РАСКОЛОМ МЕЖДУ ЧЛЕНАМИ ГРУППЫ. КЛОДТ ПОКИНУЛ ГРУППУ ОТЧАСТИ ИЗ-ЗА СВОЕГО ПРОФЕССОРСТВА В АКАДЕМИИ.


НА ФОТО: МИХАИЛ КОНСТАНТИНОВИЧ КЛОДТ

ФОТОГРАФИЯ: "РУИНЫ СИГУЛДСКОГО ЗАМКА В ЛАТВИИ"

Condition Report*:

Condition report available upon request.

*Heritage Auctions strives to provide as much information as possible but encourages in-person inspection by bidders. Statements regarding the condition of objects are only for general guidance and should not be relied upon as complete statements of fact, and do not constitute a representation, warranty or assumption of liability by Heritage. Please note that we do not de-frame lots estimated at $1,000 or less and may not be able to provide additional details for lots valued under $500. All lots are sold "AS IS" under the Terms & Conditions of Auction.

View large image(s) of this item

Service and Handling Description: Requires 3rd Party Shipping (view shipping information)

Sales Tax information  |  Terms and Conditions

Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments

Find Auction Prices for Comparable Items:

Photographs:
Sign-in or Join (free & quick) to see the full image








Videos:
FLOOR AUCTIONS View All
Open For Bidding
Coming Soon
HERITAGE MEMBERSHIP
884,344
bidder-members
$1,009,422,269
sold in the last year
VIEW BENEFITS
  1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
  2. Bid online
  3. Free Collector newsletter
  4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
  5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
    winnings 
CONSIGNMENTS WANTED
Consign to the 2015 June 7 Nature & Science Signature Auction - Dallas.
Learn About Consigning With Us
Your team did an exceptional job of exceeding our expectations in the advertising, handling and actual auction.
George A. Guck
Director, Facilities and Corporate Services
Frito Lay
HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. To compare for yourself, visit: compete.com
HERITAGE VIDEO TUTORIAL
GETTING THE MOST OUT OF SEARCH
RECENT AUCTIONS
2012 November 16-17 Tiffany, Lalique & Art Glass Signature Auction
2012 November 16-17 Tiffany, Lalique & Art Glass Signature Auction
REALIZED $1,636,131
2012 November 17 Photographs Signature Auction
2012 November 17 Photographs Signature Auction
REALIZED $288,288
2012 November 15 Texas Art Signature Auction
2012 November 15 Texas Art Signature Auction
REALIZED $271,146
2012 November 15 American & European Art Signature Auction
2012 November 15 American & European Art Signature Auction
REALIZED $3,639,219
2012 November 10 Western & California Art Signature Auction
2012 November 10 Western & California Art Signature Auction
REALIZED $8,879,315
2012 November 10 American Indian Art Signature Auction
2012 November 10 American Indian Art Signature Auction
REALIZED $571,208
2012 October 27 Maritime & Ship Models Signature Auction
2012 October 27 Maritime & Ship Models Signature Auction
REALIZED $1,433,539
2012 October 23 Modern & Contemporary Art Signature Auction
2012 October 23 Modern & Contemporary Art Signature Auction
REALIZED $1,130,516
2012 October 14 Natural History Signature Meteorite Auction
2012 October 14 Natural History Signature Meteorite Auction
REALIZED $1,228,875
2014 May 7 Illustration Art Signature Auction - Beverly Hills
2014 May 7 Illustration Art Signature Auction - Beverly Hills
REALIZED $2,099,348